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Crossair: New flight safety technology
Basel (ots) - "Controlled flight into terrain" is one of aviation's greatest fears of all. Initial indications surrounding the loss of Crossair flight LX 3597 last Saturday seem to suggest an accident of this kind. Just four days later, a similar incident occurred in Nigeria involving a Boeing 747 freighter. In view of the danger, systems have been specially developed over the years to warn the pilots in good time if they are flying too close to the ground. Crossair is at the forefront in implementing these developments.
GPWS is the name given to on-board systems of this kind. GPWS stands for "Ground Proximity Warning System". The GPWS monitors the aircraft's descent rate in relation to its height above the ground. If it senses that the aircraft is getting dangerously close to the terrain, the system will generate a "computer-voice" warning. The system will also issue an alert if the aircraft descends below the minimum altitude specified for a particular phase of flight. The GPWS obtains most of its information from the aircraft's radio altimeters. GPWS is installed in 13 700 jet aircraft and 7 000 turboprop transports all over the world, and is carried by every aircraft in the Crossair fleet.
Technology is now taking these precautions a step further. EGPWS, or the "Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System", is additionally provided with a "memory" of the topography of the terrain being overflown. This enables the system to "look ahead" and give the pilots far more advanced warning of any danger which may arise. EGPWS also features a colour-screen display of the area concerned, with critical points marked in red.
EGPWS features very recent technology: indeed, it will only be specified as standard for new aircraft from April 2002 onwards. But many airlines are choosing to install the new equipment voluntarily on their fleets. At Crossair, EGPWS is provided on all the company's Embraer jets. It is also carried on four Avro RJ100 Jumbolinos, and will be installed on the rest of the Jumbolino fleet as they come in for their regular maintenance checks. EGPWS is currently carried by some 4 400 of the more than 20 000 commercial aircraft which are currently in service around the world. The system will be mandatory on all civil aircraft from 2005.
Despite all these safety systems, incidents can still occur. And disasters can also occur when errors or misunderstandings arise in the interplay between man and machine.
ots Originaltext: Crossair
Crossair, Corporate Communications
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