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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Patients Taking Enbrel Keep Working for Longer
Maidenhead, England (ots/PRNewswire) -
- Study Published in Rheumatology Underscores the Need for Early and Aggressive Treatment to Maintain Work Productivity
Patients receiving Enbrel(R) (etanercept) in combination with methotrexate for early RA are more likely to continue working, according to the COMET study published today in Rheumatology.
One year results from the COMET study - which compared the impact of methotrexate alone with methotrexate in combination with Enbrel on work productivity - showed that active early RA patients receiving the Enbrel-methotrexate combination were nearly three times less likely to stop working compared to patients receiving methotrexate alone. Furthermore, work absenteeism was reduced by almost 50 per cent in the combination group.
RA is a chronic and progressive disease that affects 2.9 million people across Europe. As the disease progresses, RA can cause permanent damage to the joints, resulting in deformity and loss of independence.
The prevention of work productivity loss represents benefit beyond the traditional measures of disease improvement. The economic impact of RA is significant, with an estimated EUR45 billion spent on the disease in Europe each year. Of this, 32 per cent of the total cost is likely due to work disability and decrease in work productivity. Results from previous studies suggest that even in the early stages of disease, RA can impact a person's ability to work. In the COMET study, half of the work stoppages observed occurred in the first three months of the trial.
"Keeping a person gainfully employed represents a benefit to society, above and beyond, the clinical benefits of treatment" said Professor Aslam Anis, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia and lead author of the paper. "The fact that half of the work stoppages occurred in the first three months of this trial, together with the fact that there were significantly fewer work stoppages in the Enbrel-methotrexate combination group, underscore the importance of early and aggressive treatment of RA."
During the COMET (COmbination of Methotrexate and ETanercept) study, work absenteeism was recorded over 12 months amongst 205 patients with early active RA. Total absenteeism was defined as a composite of number of missed workdays, reduced working time and number of days patients were unemployed as a result of their RA.
At the end of one year:
@@start.t1@@ - The number of missed workdays in the group receiving combination
treatment of Enbrel and methotrexate (14.2 days) was approximately half
that of patients receiving methotrexate monotherapy (31.9 days)
- In total, the Enbrel combination group missed up to 37 fewer total days
due to absenteeism than the methotrexate monotherapy group
- 24 per cent of patients in the monotherapy group had to stop work at
least once during the year, compared to 8.6 per cent of patients in the
combination therapy group@@end@@
Previously published data from the COMET trial showed that early treatment of RA can halt the joint damage seen as the disease progresses - 80 per cent of patients in the combination group experienced no further joint damage as measured by x-rays. Furthermore, 50 per cent of patients experienced a sustained reduction in disease activity as measured by the number of swollen joints (i.e. clinical remission) and 55 per cent achieved normal physical functioning, as measured by the Health Assessment Questionnaire.
To access further media information relating to this press release, additional information on ENBREL and future media announcements, please register on the media centre at http://www.wyeth.eu.
1. Anis A et al. The effect of etanercept on work productivity in patients with early active rheumatoid arthritis: results from the COMET study. Rheumatology doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kep239. E-Pub, 18 August 2009
2. Lundkvist et al. The burden of rheumatoid arthritis and access to treatment: health burden and costs. Eur J Health Econ 2008;8 (Suppl.2):S49-60
3. Emery P et al. Comparison of methotrexate monotherapy with a combination of methotrexate and etanercept in active, early, moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis (COMET): a randomised, double-blind, parallel treatment trial. Lancet. 2008;372:375-382
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