Buenos Aires, Argentina (ots/PRNewswire) - A new report by the
Australian APEC Study Centre says the fastest growing economies in
the world would be damaged if they adopted Kyoto Protocol targets to
"The United Nations has not delivered on the promise (via the
Kyoto Protocol and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change) to
help developing countries, especially high-growth developing
economies in Asia, to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide," said Mr.
Alan Oxley, Chairman of the Australian National APEC Study Centre at
Monash University, Australia.
"The most important way high-growth developing economies can
reduce emissions is to introduce more efficient ways of using fossil
fuels, which will meet our energy needs for the foreseeable future,"
noted Mr. Oxley. "This is important because these countries generate
nearly 40 percent of the world's human generated carbon dioxide and
that share is rapidly increasing. Yet the Global Environment Fund
(GEF) which was established in 1991 to fund projects to address
global climate change has given insignificant assistance to these
economies," he concluded.
The report notes that in the thirteen years since GEF was
established, it has provided an average of just over $100 million
(U.S.) per year. The APEC Centre report points out that this amount
is insignificant compared to the $63 billion (U.S.) in ordinary aid
to developing countries granted in 2004.
"Most of the GEF funding is directed to small and poorer
developing countries to encourage adoption of renewable energy
systems," noted Mr. Oxley. "This does little to reduce global
emissions of carbon dioxide, and it further hampers economic growth
in poor and developing countries that need access to reliable forms
of energy. The World Bank and other donors to the GEF are evidently
not interested in effective and concrete action to reduce emissions
of carbon dioxide," he observed.
The report also examined the Clean Development Mechanism in the
Kyoto Protocol, which is supposed to promote commercial investment in
developing countries in projects that would reduce emissions. "There
is a clear consensus among business organizations, analysts and
experts at the International Energy Agency that the mechanism cannot
deliver investment to developing countries," said Mr. Oxley. "As
evidence of that, there is virtually nothing in the pipeline despite
years of talking up the CDM," he concluded.
"Overall, the interests of the fast growing developing economies
in East Asia have been neglected," noted Mr. Oxley.
The APEC report notes that East Asia is heavily dependent on power
for development and strategies to relieve poverty. It points out that
if these economies were required to cut emissions in the manner
mandated for industrialized economies under the Kyoto Protocol,
economic growth strategies would be jeopardized. The report concludes
that the most effective long term strategy for developing economies
in APEC is to promote investment in new technologies which use much
more efficient combustion of fossil fuel and to support research in
new technologies for sequestration of carbon dioxide and even more
To view the report online, go to http://www.apec.org.au.
(Note: APEC is the organization for Asian Pacific Economic
Cooperation. It includes China, Japan, Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia,
the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam, the other economies of East
Asia, USA, Canada, Mexico, Chile, Australia and New Zealand. APEC
includes one third of the world's population and generates 60 percent
of world GDP).
Web site: http://www.apec.org.au
ots Originaltext: APEC Study Centre
Im Internet recherchierbar: http://www.newsaktuell.ch
Laura Dlugacz, +54911-5771-7662, or firstname.lastname@example.org, for the APEC
Study Centre. NOTE TO EDITORS: To schedule an interview with Mr.
Oxley, contact Laura Dlugacz at +54911- 5771-7662; email@example.com